Friday, June 3, 2011

Kings of Anuradhapura


  • Pandukabhaya
  • (437 BC - 367 BC) - The first ruler, who built Anuradhapura as the capital of Sri Lanka. He was the grand son of King Paduvasdeva.
  • Mutasiva (377 BC - 307 BC)  - Son of Pandukabhaya.
  • Devanampiyatissa (307 BC - 267 BC)  - Son of Mutasiva. The arrival of Buddhism to Sri Lanka was happened in his reign. And also Sri Maha Bodhi planted in Anuradhapura was happened in king Devanampiyatissa's reign.
  • Uttiya (267 BC - 257 BC) - Son of Mutasiva.
  • Mahasiva (257 BC - 247 BC) - Son of Mutasiva.
  • Suratissa (247 BC - 237 BC) - Younger son of Pandukabhaya.
  • Sena & Guttika (237 BC - 215 BC) - The two Tamil chiefs from South India who invaded Anuradhapura and defeated King Suratissa in battle.
  • Asela (215 BC - 205 BC) - Son of Mutasiva. He fought with Sena & Guttika and re-established the Anuradhapura kingdom.
  • Elara (205 BC - 161 BC) - Chola king from South India who invaded Anuradhapura and defeated king Asela.
  • Dutugemunu (161 BC - 137 BC) - Also called Dutthagamini and Gamini Abhaya. One of the Great kings in Sri Lankan history. Elder son of Kavantissa who was the king of ruhuna. King Dutugemunu defeated Elara in battle. Mirisavatiya, Lohapasada (Brazen Palace) for monks, Ruwanweliseya (Swarnamalee chetiya) were built by king Dutugemunu.
  • Saddha Tissa (137 BC - 119 BC) - Younger son of Kavantissa and brother of Dutugemunu.
  • Thulatthana (119 BC - 119 BC) - Son of Saddha Tissa.
  • Lanja Tissa (119 BC - 109 BC) - Son of Saddha Tissa.
  • Khallata Naga (109 BC - 104 BC) - Younger son of Saddha Tissa.
  • Walagamba (104 BC - 103 BC) - Youngest son of Saddha Tissa. Also called Vattagamini Abhaya and Valagambahu.
Invasion of five Dravidian - Pulahatta (103 - 100 BC), Bahiya (100 - 98 BC), Panya mara (98 - 91BC), Paliya mara (91 - 90 BC), Dathika (90 - 88 BC)

  • Walagamba (89 - 76 BC) - Defeated five Dravidian and regained the kingdom. 
  • Mahakuli Mahatissa (76 - 62 BC) -Son of Khallata Naga and Nephew and adopted son of Walagamba.
  • Chora Naga (Maha Naga) (62 - 50 BC) - Son of Walagamba. Cousin of Mahakuli Mahatissa.
  • Kuda Tissa (50 - 47 BC) - Son of Mahakuli Mahatissa.
  • Siva I (47 - 47 BC)
  • Vatuka (47 - 47 BC)
  • Darubhatika Tissa (47 - 47 BC)
  • Niliya (47 - 47 BC)
  • Anula (47 - 42 BC) - Widow of Chora Naga
  • Kutakanna Tissa (42 - 20 BC) - Brother of Kuda Tissa. And second son of Mahakuli Mahatissa.
  • Bhatikabhaya Abhaya (20 BC - 9 AD) - Son of Kutakanna Tissa
  • Mahadathika Mahanaga (9 - 21 AD) - Brother of Bhatika Abhaya
  • Amandagamini Abhaya (21 - 30 AD) - Son of Mahadathika Mahanaga
  • Kanirajanu Tissa (30 - 33 AD) - Brother of Amandagamani Abhaya
  • Chulabhaya (33 - 35 AD) - Son of Amandagamani Abhaya
  • Queen Sivali (35 - 35 AD ) - Sister of Chlabhaya
  • Ilanaga (38 - 44 AD) - Nephew of Queen Sivali
  • Chandamukha (44 - 52 AD) - Son of Ilanaga
  • Yasalaleka Tissa (52 - 60 AD) - Yonger brother of Chandamuka
  • Subharaja (60 - 66 AD) - The hall porter of King Yasalaleka Tissa
  • Vasabha (66 - 110 AD) - A member of the Lambakanna clan
  • Vankanasika Tissa (110 - 113 AD) - Son of Vasabha
  • Gajabahu I (Gajaba) (113 - 135 AD) - Son of Vankanasika Tissa
  • Mahallaka Naga (135 - 141 AD) - Father-in-Law of Gajabahu I
  • Bhatika Tissa (141 - 165 AD) - Son of Mahallaka Naga
  • Kanitta Tissa (165 - 193 AD) - Younger brother of Bhatika Tissa
  • Cula Naga (193 - 195 AD) - Son of Kanitta Tissa
  • Kuda Naga (195 - 196 AD) - Brother of Cula Naga
  • Siri Naga I (196 - 215 AD) - Brother-in-Law of Kuda Naga
  • Voharika Tissa (215 - 237 AD) - Son of Siri Naga I
  • Abhaya Naga (237 - 245 AD) - Brother of Voharika Tissa
  • Siri Naga II (245 - 247 AD) - Son of Voharika Tissa
  • Vijaya Kumara (247 - 248 AD) - Son of Siri Naga II
  • Sangha Tissa I (248 - 252 AD)
  • Siri Sangha Bodhi I (252 - 254 AD)
  • Gothabhaya (254 - 267 AD)
  • Jetta Tissa I (267 - 277 AD) - Eldest son of Gothabhaya
  • Mahasena (277 - 304 AD) - Brother of Jetta Tissa. Younger son of Gothabhaya.
  • Sirimeghavanna (304 - 332 AD) - Son of Mahasena
  • Jetta Tissa II (332 - 341 AD) - Brother of Sirimeghavanna
  • Buddhadasa (341 - 370 AD) - Son of Jetta Tissa II
  • Upatissa I (370 - 412) - Eldest son of Buddhadasa
  • Mahanama (412 - 434 AD) - Brother of Uplatissa I
  • Sottisena (434 - 434 AD) - Mahanama's son
  • Chattagaka Jantu (434 - 435 AD) - Husband of Sangha. Sangha is daughter of Mahanama
  • Mittasena (435 - 436 AD)
Invasion of six Dravidian - Pandu, Parindu, Khudda Parinda, Tiritara, Dathiya and Pithiya (436 - 463 AD)

  • Dhatusena (463 - 479 AD) - Son of Sangha, the daughter of Mahanama. Liberated Anuradhapura from 27 years of Pandyan Rule
  • Kashyapa I (479 - 497 AD) - Son of Dhatusena. He moved to the Sigiriya and ruled the country from there.
  • Moggallana I (497 - 515 AD) - Son of Dhatusena. Brother of Kashyapa I
  • Kumara Dhatusena (515 - 524 AD) - Son of Mogallana
  • Kittisena (524 - 524 AD) - Son of Kumara Dhatusena
  • Siva II (524 - 525 AD) - Uncle of Kittisena
  • Upatissa II (525 - 526 AD) - Son-in-Law of Kumara Dhatusena
  • Silakala Ambosamanera (526 - 539 AD) - A prince of Lambakanna clan
  • Dathappabhuti (539 - 540 AD) - Second son of Silakala
  • Moggallana II (540 - 560 AD) - Eldest brother of Dathappabhuti
  • Kittisiri Meghavanna (560 - 561 AD) - Son of Mogallana II
  • Maha naga (561 - 564 AD) - Minister of war under King Dathapabhuti
  • Aggabodhi I (564 - 598 AD) - Brother of Mahanaga. Nephew and sub-king of Mahanaga
  • Aggabodhi II (598 - 608 AD) - Nephew and son-in-law of Aggabodhi I
  • Sangha Tissa II (608 - 608 AD) - Brother and sword bearer of Aggabodhi II
  • Moggallana III (608 - 614 AD) - Commander-in-chief during the reign of Aggabodhi II
  • Silameghavanna (614 - 623 AD) - King Mogallana's sward-bearer
  • Aggabodhi III (623 - 623 AD) - Son of Silameghavanna
  • Jetta Tissa III (623 - 624 AD) - Son of Sangha Tissa II
  • Aggabodhi III (restored) (624 - 640 AD) - Son of Silameghavanna
  • Dathopa Tissa (640 - 652 AD) - General of Jetta Tissa
  • Kassapa II (652 - 661 AD) - Brother of Aggabodhi II. Sub-king of Dathopa Tissa
  • Dappula I (661 - 664 AD) - Son-in-law of Silameghavanna
  • Dathopa Tissa II (664 - 673 AD) - Nephew of Dathopa Tissa I
  • Aggabodhi IV (673 - 689 AD) - Younger brother of Dathopa Tissa 
  • Unhanagara Hatthadatha (691 - 691 AD)
  • Manavamma (691 - 726 AD) - Son of Kassapa II
  • Aggabodhi V (726 - 732 AD) - Son of Manavamma
  • Kassapa III (732 - 738 AD) - Brother of Aggabodhi V
  • Mahinda I (738 - 741 AD) - Younger brother of Kassapa III
  • Aggabodhi VI (741 - 781 AD) - Son of Kassapa III
  • Aggabodhi VII (781 - 787 AD) - Son of Mahinda I
  • Mahinda II (787 - 807 AD) - Son of Aggabodhi VI
  • Dappula II (807 - 812 AD) - Son of Mahinda II. 
  • Mahinda III (812 - 816 AD) - Son of Dappula II
  • Aggabodhi VIII (816 - 827 AD) - Brother of Mahinda III
  • Dappula III (827 - 843 AD) - Younger brother of Aggabodhi VIII
  • Aggabodhi IX (843 - 846 AD) - Son of Dappula III
  • Sena I (846 - 866 AD) - Younger brother of Aggabodhi IX
  • Sena II (866 - 901 AD) - Nephew of Sena I
  • Udaya I (901 - 912 AD) - Brother of Sena II
  • Kassapa IV (912 - 929 AD) - Son of Sena II
  • Kassapa V (929 - 939 AD) - Son of Kassapa IV
  • Dappula IV (939 -940 AD) - Son of Kassapa V
  • Dappula V (940 - 952 AD) - Brother of Dappula IV
  • Udaya II (952 - 955 AD) - Nephew of Sena II
  • Sena III (955 - 964 AD) - Brother of Udaya II
  • Udaya III (964 - 972 AD) - Sub-king of Sena III
  • Sena IV (972 - 975 AD) - Son of Kassapa V
  • Mahinda IV (975 - 991 AD) - Brother of Sena IV. Nephew of Udaya III
  • Sena V (991 - 1001 AD) - Son of Mahinda IV
  • Mahinda V (1001 - 1017 AD) - Son of Mahinda IV. Younger brother of Sena V

Invasion of Chola Kings. (1017 - 1070 AD)

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